The two umpires Steve Bucknor and Simon Taufel reported Patel to the referee after the day's play that witnessed quite a few close decisions being awarded in batsmen's favour.
Bucknor turned down two loud shouts for leg before wicket, one against skipper Inzamam-ul-Haq on 65 and the other against Yousuf Youhana on 35, off the bowling of Irfan Pathan.
Youhana also survived an appeal for caught behind on 38 off leg-spinner Anil Kumble, the umpire being Taufel.
Patel will appear for the hearing later in the night.
However, Madugalle's verdict is expected to be announced only on Wednesday.
The 19-year-old Patel, playing his 15th Test, was not the only one who appeared to get carried away by the intense battle on a crucial second day's play of the match which saw the hosts gain an upperhand.
With a number of appeals being turned down, the disappointed Indians seemed to lose their cool as the usually unmoved Anil Kumble threw back the ball to the keeper forcing Pakistan skipper Inzamam-ul-Haq to duck.
As Kumble walked back after completing his over, the burly Inzamam approached the leggie but before the two of them could get locked in a confrontation, Indian captain Rahul Dravid and Sachin Tendulkar intervened.