Speedster Amit Bhandari was the pick of Delhi bowlers claiming three wickets for just 39 runs while left-arm pacer Ashish Nehra chipped in with two wickets.
Making first use of the wicket after winning the toss, Gujarat captain Mukund Parmar, playing in his 17th Ranji season, however, had less to celebrate as his batsmen failed to perform.
Barring Nilesh Modi (42) and Timil Patel (38), no other Gujarat batsman could stay on wicket for long and the hosts lost their wickets at regular intervals.
Even wicketkeeper Parthiv Patel, who made his Ranji Trophy debut after playing for India in 19 Test matches, failed to capitalise on his experience and could manage just 27 runs before being caught by Mithun Manhas off the bowing of Rahul Sanghvi.
Delhi bowlers gave away only eight extras and wrapped up Gujarat's innings for just 214 runs in 77.5 overs.
In reply, Delhi started their innings on a confident note with two India players Aakash Chopra and Gautam Gambhir.
Gambhir, who played the last Test match against Australia at Mumbai recently, looked aggressive from the beginning and cracked six boundaries in his unbeaten 33 but Chopra could not survive for long and was caught by Nilesh Modi off Timil Patel for just 19 runs.
The visitors were 49 for the loss of Chopra's wicket when the stumps were drawn for the day.