Born in Indore on December 17, 1914 in a middle class family, Mushtaq, a former captain who has the distinction of being the first Indian to score a century away from home, was one of the most colourful personalities in Indian cricket.
Such was his popularity that a crowd once gheraoed Duleepsinghji, the chairman of the then selection committee with the refrain 'No Mushtaq, No Test' and forced his recall for an unofficial 'Test' at Kolkata with an Australian Services side.
Though Mushtaq began his career as a slow left-arm bowler he ultimately proved his mettle as a great batsman.
Mushtaq played eleven Tests and scored 612 runs at an average of 32.21 including two centuries and three half-centuries. He also took three wickets and seven catches in his short career that began against England in Kolkata in 1933-34.
He was known as the original dasher and his opening partner Vijay Merchant used to often shake his head in disbelief as he repeatedly stepped out to thrash the pacers.
Mushtaq was a right-handed opening batsman of brilliance and flair and an easy grace. Very quick on his feet, he always introduced a spirit of adventure into his play.
Mushtaq's moment of glory came in 1936 when India toured England. In the second Test at Old Trafford, Mushtaq cracked a fine 112 in just two and a half hours and was involved in a lively 203-run opening stand with Vijay Merchant.
The effort earned him the distinction of being the first Indian to score a century away from home.
In the unofficial Test series against Lord Tennyson's team in 1937-38, he scored 101 and 55 at Kolkata. Back in England in 1946, Mushtaq could not repeat the same success as he was guilty of throwing away his wicket much too often.
But he soon proved that he could bat with responsibility when he came back as an opener in the third Test in Kolkata against the West Indies in 1948-49 and scored 54 and 106 batting out of character to help India save the match.
That turned out to be his last success. He was never in the good books of selectors who brought him back as an after thought in the 1951-52 series against England.
Mushtaq failed in that match and was promptly omitted from the 1952 tour of England that effectively brought the curtains down on a career that spanned almost two decades but comprised only 11 Tests.
Mushtaq was awarded Padmashree in 1964, while the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) honoured him with the life membership. He also won a special award from Wisden.
In first class cricket, Mushtaq scored 13,213 runs including 30 centuries and he also captured 162 wickets from 1930 to 1964.
In Ranji Trophy, he represented Central India, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh and scored 5013 runs including 17 centuries.
One of his best knocks was the 233 he scored against Uttar Pradesh at his home ground in Indore.
He also penned a book on the game and came out with 'Cricket Delightful' in 1967.