Kumble bowled overnight batsman Paul Collingwood for his 498th Test victim before the tourists reached 200-5 in their first innings at lunch on Friday.
Stand-in captain Andrew Flintoff was unbeaten on 26 at the break with wicket-keeper Geraint Jones (seven).
England added 37 runs to their overnight total of 163-4 in the 14.3 overs possible in the first session due to bad light.
Kumble was the lone wicket-taker in overcast conditions when he dismissed all-rounder Collingwood with a delivery that hit the top of the middle-stump.
Collingwood, who had scored an unbeaten century in the drawn opening Test at Nagpur, could add only six to his overnight score of 19.
Kumble, who conceded just 13 runs in his opening seven-over spell, is set to join the elite 500-club.
Australian leg-spinner Shane Warne, Sri Lankan off-spinner Muttiah Muralitharan, Australian fast bowler Glenn McGrath and retired West Indies paceman Courtney Walsh are other bowlers to bag 500 or more Test wickets.
All-rounder Flintoff played a couple of aggressive shots in the morning, lofting Kumble over mid-on and then sweeping the next ball for boundaries. He has so far struck six fours in his unbeaten 45-ball knock.
Left-arm seamer Irfan Pathan and Kumble have so far taken two wickets apiece, and debutant paceman Munaf Patel one.