It is the latest injury blow to the tourists, following injuries to opening batsman Justin Langer and swing bowler Michael Kasprowicz during the third and final Test against South Africa.
Tait, who did not play in any of the Tests, suffered his injury while bowling in the nets. Although a scan showed no major damage, it was decided he should return to Australia for rest and recovery, rather than travel to Bangladesh, where a two-Test series starts in Falullah Sunday.
Meanwhile Langer again stayed at the team hotel at the start of the fourth day's play in the third Test at the Wanderers Stadium.
Langer, who suffered concussion when struck by a ball from Makhaya Ntini Saturday, was said by a team spokesman to be feeling "brighter" and hoped to get to the ground later in the day.
Langer's fitness for the rest of the Test and the Bangladesh leg of the tour was subject to ongoing assessment, said the spokesman.
Kasprowicz only bowled two overs in South Africa's second innings because of a back injury. His fitness is also subject to further assessment but he will be able to bat if necessary.