Chopra's 98 came from 298 balls and she struck only nine fours in her defiant knock.
Resuming the day at 168 for two, not out overnight batswoman Mithali Raj could just add one run to his individual score and eight runs to the team total when the Indian captain was dismissed by J L Gunn for 65.
Chopra then carried on and held the innings together but was out to I T Guha for 98. She was the sixth batswoman out when team score was 273.
For England IT Guha was the most successful bowler with four for 61.
England were nine for one in reply in 6.3 overs when reports last came in with Jhulan Goswami removing England opener L K Newton for nought.
Brief Scores: India 1st innings: 307 all out (Anjum Chopra 98, Mithali Raj 65, L K Newton 4 for 61) England 1st innings 9 for 1.