Cricket Australia, state and territory associations will fly the Aboriginal flag at their offices or grounds to honour the squad that arrived in England on May 13, 1868.
As the official anniversary falls on Sunday, the flags will be flown on Friday.
As part of the commemoration, CA's National Indigenous Development Squad will gather in Darwin next week for a week-long training camp that will include matches against the national sides from Fiji and Papua New Guinea.
"The 1868 Aboriginal tour of England was a critical event in Australia's sporting and cricket history," CA chief executive James Sutherland said in a statement.
"In recent years, the remarkable and courageous achievements of the 1868 team have become more widely acknowledged and celebrated, and we would like that history and recognition to be ongoing."
The team played 47 matches in England between May and October 1868, winning 14 games, losing 14 and drawing 19.