Anderson will come down to London, where the Test starts Thursday, after playing in Wednesday's morning session of his county's championship match against Worcestershire at Old Trafford.
He will return to Manchester if not required by England for the opening match of a four-Test series which starts at Lord's on Thursday.
Anderson's call-up is part of a scheme introduced by new coach Peter Moores to have a standby player join the squad the night before each Test to give them additional options. The player will be released if not required.
And Anderson's chances of playing at Lord's appeared to recede Wednesday with all-rounder Andrew Flintoff bowling out in the middle, seemingly suffering no pain from his troublesome left ankle injury.
Flintoff has been doubtful for the first Test after suffering discomfort on his ankle, which has been operated on twice over the last three years, during Lancashire's drawn championship match with Hampshire over the weekend.
If Flintoff does not regain fitness, batsman Owais Shah - drafted in as cover for Kevin Pietersen, who has a calf injury - could be called into the starting XI with England fielding a four-man attack.