Dhoni's 139 was the highest-ever ODI score by a number seven batsman. He now trails third-placed Michael Hussey of Australia by 10 rating points.
Australia all-rounder Andrew Symonds returns to top 10 while Sri Lankan veteran Sanath Jayasuriya drops six places to occupy 13th spot.
England's Kevin Pietersen still occupies top batting spot in the ODI list with Australia captain Ricky Ponting in second place.
But, the biggest mover was Shaun Pollock who struck his maiden ton during the Afro Asia Cup. The former South Africa captain achieved his highest career batting spot of 40th, moving up 12 places.
Pollock, who played in the series as a specialist batsman following minor foot surgery, continues to lead the LG ICC Player Rankings for ODI bowlers as the top 14 places in that category remains unchanged.
Pollock also leads team-mate Jacques Kallis in the LG ICC Player Rankings for ODI all-rounders table while West Indies' Chris Gayle is in third place.
ICC ODI Rankings:
Batsmen: 1) Kevin Pietersen (Eng, 827 pts); 2) Ricky Ponting (Aus, 799); 3) Mike Hussey (Aus, 766); 4) Mahendra Dhoni (Ind, 756); 5) Matthew Hayden (Aus, 746); Ramnaresh Sarwan (WI, 746); 7) Graeme Smith (SA, 740); 8) Adam Gilchrist (Aus, 729); 9) Michael Clarke (Aus, 728) and 10.) Andrew Symonds (Aus, 726).
Bowlers: 1) Shaun Pollock (SA, 894 pts); 2) Nathan Bracken (Aus, 794); 3) Shane Bond (NZ, 790); 4) Chaminda Vaas (SL, 753); 5) Muttiah Muralidaran (SL, 741); 6) Daniel Vettori (NZ, 697); 7) Makhaya Ntini (SA, 694); 8) Brett Lee (Aus, 686); 9) Abdur Razzaq (Ban, 673) and 10) Andre Nel (SA, 662).
All-rounders: 1) Shaun Pollock (SA, 496 pts); 2) Jacques Kallis (SA, 396); 3) Chris Gayle (WI, 381); 4) Andrew Flintoff (Eng, 373) and 5) Sanath Jayasuriya (SL, 341).
Dravi, Kumble remain static In Test rankings: Team India skipper Rahul Dravid and veteran leg spinner Anil Kumble retained their eighth and third spots among batsmen and bowlers respectively in the latest LG ICC Test cricket rating issued today.
England spinner Monty Panesar, who reaped a rich harvest of 10 for 185 to help England to a 60-run victory in the third Test against the West Indies, jumped 14 places to 12th. He is now closing in on a place in the top ten with team-mate Andrew Flintoff and Pakistan's Shoaib Akhtar not far above him.
Panesar is now the third ranked slow bowler in the world behind Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka and Kumble.
Despite losing the match, there was some consolation for the West Indies. Corey Collymore has moved up two places in the bowling rankings and into the top ten.
The 29-year-old seamer has been a consistent performer and the three wickets he took in the first innings at Old Trafford were enough for him to overtake Flintoff and Akhtar.
There was no other movement in the top ten with Muralitharan still way out in front, South Africa's Makhaya Ntini second and Kumble occupying joint-third spot with Ntini's Proteas team-mate Shaun Pollock.
England's Ryan Sidebottom is enjoying his return to Test cricket and his good form has taken him into the top 50, where he currently lies in 43rd position.
On the batting front, the main movers in the LG ICC Player Rankings for Test batsmen were Shivnarine Chanderpaul of the West Indies and England's Alistair Cook who both scored a century and half-century apiece at Old Trafford, and both moved up eight places in the rankings as a result.
Chanderpaul holds a slight advantage in 13th position over Cook, who lies in a career-best 14th spot.
Kevin Pietersen retains his third position overall but has just dipped below the 900 ratings point mark. He currently lies behind Australia captain Ricky Ponting in first position and Pakistan's Mohammad Yousuf in second.
There is no movement in the top five of the LG ICC Player Rankings for Test all-rounders with Jacques Kallis of South Africa still out in front, followed by Flintoff in second position and Pollock third.
ICC Test Rankings:
Batsmen: 1) Ricky Ponting (Aus, 936 pts); 2) Mohd Yousuf (Pak, 915); 3) Kevin Pietersen (Eng, 892); 4) Kumar Sangakkara (SL, 857); 5) Mike Hussey (Aus, 842); 6) Matthew Hayden (Aus, 828); 7) Jacques Kallis (SA, 820); 8) Rahul Dravid (Ind, 801); 9) Younis Khan (Pak, 789) and 10) Ashwell Prince (SA, 755).
Bowlers: 1) Muttiah Muralitharan (SL, 913 pts); 2) Makhaya Ntini (SA, 856); 3) Anil Kumble (Ind, 730), 4) Shaun Pollock (SA, 730); 5) Shane Bond (NZ, 722); 6) Stuart Clark (Aus, 720); 7) Mohammad Asif (Pak, 710); 8) Matthew Hoggard (Eng, 701); 9) Corey Collymore (WI, 699) and 10) Shoaib Akhtar (Pak, 698).
All-rounders: 1) Jacques Kallis (SA, 462 pts); 2) Andrew Flintoff (Eng) 392; 3) Shaun Pollock (SA, 356); 4) Daniel Vettori (NZ, 329) and 5) Chaminda Vaas (SL, 253)