Atapattu, who was overlooked throughout World Cup 2007, returns to the side for the first time since the December 2005 Ahmedabad Test against India.
The veteran opener Sanath Jayasuriya is picked only for the One Day Internationals where he will be joined by the recalled leg spinner Upul Chandana, who comes back into the side for the first time since November 2005.
Sujeewa de Silva, a 29-year-old left arm fast bowler returns to the Test team after a lay off of more than five years on the back of consistent performances in domestic competitions, a Sri Lanka Cricket official said.
He returns to play Bangladesh against whom he made his Test debut in 2002 and never played thereafter.
The champion off spinner Muttiah Muralitharan returns home from Lancashire, as does Kumar Sangakkara the star wicket-keeper batsman who played for Warwickshire.
Muralitharan, however, will return to Lancashire at the end of the Test series.
Tests: Mahela Jayawardena (Capt), Kumar Sangakkara (Vice-capt), Marvan Atapattu, Chamara Silva, Thilakaratne Dilshan, Prasanna Jayawardena (wk), Chaminda Vaas, Muttiah Muralitharan, Dilhara Fernando, Upul Tharanga, Farveez Maharoof, Malinda Warnapura, Sujeewa De Silva, Lasith Malinga and Malinga Bandara.
One-dayers: Mahela Jayawardena (Capt), Kumar Sangakkara (Vice-capt, wk) Upul Chandana, Jehan Mubarak, Chamara Kapugedera, Sanath Jayasuriya, Chamara Silva, Thilakaratne Dilshan, Dilhara Fernando, Upul Tharanga, Farveez Maharoof, Lasith Malinga, Malinga Bandara and Nuwan Kulasekera.