Broad, 21, was included after fast bowler Stephen Harmison was rated "extremely doubtful" on Saturday for the opening match of a three-Test series after suffering a recurrence of his hernia injury while playing for Durham.
Leicestershire's Broad, the son of former England opening batsman Chris, has played nine one-day internationals but has yet to play in a Test.
He was included along with Lancashire quick James Anderson, the pair set to compete for the final place in England's starting side if, as expected, Harmison is unfit.
Harmison bowled just five overs Friday in Durham's ongoing match away to county champions Sussex before being ruled out of the remainder of the game.
The 28-year-old originally sustained the injury at his Riverside home ground nearly a month ago during England's fourth Test win over the West Indies which gave them a 3-0 series victory.
However, he opted against immediate surgery after being advised he could play in the India series and Durham's Friends Provident Trophy final against Hampshire on August 18 - the county's first senior Lord's final.
Andrew Strauss (Middlesex), Alastair Cook (Essex), Michael Vaughan (Yorkshire, capt), Kevin Pietersen (Hampshire), Paul Collingwood (Durham), Ian Bell (Warwickshire), Matthew Prior (Sussex, wk), Stephen Harmison (Durham), Ryan Sidebottom (Nottinghamshire), Matthew Hoggard (Yorkshire), Monty Panesar (Northamptonshire), James Anderson (Lancashire) and Stuart Broad (Leicestershire).