Five of the top six India batsmen scored half-centuries to help their side pile up a mammoth 481 that gave them a first innings lead of 283
England, who finished with 43/0 at stumps, will need to bat for nearly two days to save the second Test still trailing by 240 runs.
Andrew Strauss (21 not out) and Alastair Cook (17 not out) survived a potentially tricky 16 overs to the close.
India, after tea, saw VVS Laxman (54) follow Tendulkar, Sourav Ganguly (79), Dinesh Karthik (77) and Wasim Jaffer (62) in making a fifty.
Chris Tremlett, who led England's pace attack with a commendable three for 80 in 40 overs, finally ended Laxman's innings when the batsman, runless for his final 24 balls, edged to wicket-keeper Matt Prior on 54.
It was fine effort from the 6' 7" Tremlett, in only his second Test after making his debut at Lord's in the drawn opener of this three-match series.
Zaheer Khan, off the mark with a streaky four, then took exception to a comment made to him by one of England's close fielders.
The umpires moved in to calm the situation and spoke to Strauss, captaining England with Michael Vaughan off the field.
India's tail, a brisk 30 from Anil Kumble apart, fell cheaply with left-arm spinner Monty Panesar ending the innings when last man Shanthakuraman Sreesanth was lbw for two to finish with figures of four for 101 in 33.5 overs.
Left-arm quick Ryan Sidebottom, despite the blue skies overhead, swung the ball consistently and was unlucky to take just the one wicket.
His performance suggested India's left-arm pace bowlers, who'd starred as England were bowled out for a lowly first innings 198, albeit in conditions aiding swing bowling, would continue to pose problems.
Tendulkar, who during his innings had become only the third batsman in history to score 11,000 Test runs, went to within nine of extending his world record of Test hundreds to 38 when, in the first over after lunch, he uppercut Paul Collingwood for four.
But medium-pacer Collingwood had Tendulkar lbw padding up outside off-stump to his sixth ball which looked as if it might miss the stumps.
Australia's Simon Taufel, the three-time ICC Umpire of the Year, pondered his decision before raising the finger and a disbelieving Tendulkar laid himself open to a dissent charge by lingering in his crease for several seconds before walking off.
He batted for more than four hours, facing 197 balls with a dozen boundaries and put on 96 in 31 overs with Ganguly, who also exited when eyeing a hundred.
Shaping to leg-glance James Anderson, the left-hander was caught by a diving Prior off what appeared a thin deflection at best.
Scorecard (at close, D-3):
England 198 and 43/0 (Strauss 21 n o, Cook 17 n o) Vs India Ist innings 481 (Tendulkar 91, Ganguly 79, Karthik 77, Jaffer 62, Laxman 54, Dravid 37, Kumble 30; Panesar 4 for 101, Tremlett 3 for 80, Sidebottom 1 for 75).