Rahul Dravid's side sealed what was only India's third Test series win in England with a draw at The Oval here Monday and are now just four points behind their second-placed hosts.
India's success in the three-match series earned them five rating points and saw them go above both South Africa and Sri Lanka.
England dropped four points following their first home series loss since the 4-1 defeat against Australia in 2001.
But had India won at The Oval, they would have gone level on rating points with England who saw the gap between them and table-toppers Ausralia lengthen from 26 to 30 points as a result of the outcome of this series.
This was India's first Test series win in England since a 2-0 victory in 1986 and only third overall following their 1-0 triumph in 1971 with Dravid lifting the newly minted Pataudi Trophy after a draw at Lord's and seven-wicket win in Nottingham preceded the match at The Oval.
ICC Test Championhip table on August 14 after England v India series (rank, team, rating):
1 Australia 141 2 England 111 3 India 107 4 Sri Lanka 107 5 South Africa 102 6 Pakistan 99 7 New Zealand 99 8 West Indies 72 9 Bangladesh 04
Note: Zimbabwe has a rating of 12 but has not played a sufficient number of Test matches over the new rating period (since August 2004) to be included on the main table.