India lost a wicket in the opening over as they began their chase after 333 runs to win the second cricket Test against Australia at the Sydney Cricket Ground.
Opener Wasim Jaffer continued his dismal run of scores in the series with a four-ball duck to pace spearhead Brett Lee.
Jaffer was snapped up by Michael Clarke at third slip and his Test place is now in jeopardy after scores of 4, 15, 3 and 0 in the four-match series.
India went to lunch at six for one off two overs with Rahul Dravid on four and V.V.S. Laxman on two.
Australian skipper Ricky Ponting called a halt to Australia's second innings at 401 for seven leaving India a minimum of 72 overs to go after the runs.
Ponting left his declaration longer than anticipated with the Indians faced with a prohibitive 4.6 runs an over for an improbable win.
India more likely have the goal of avoiding defeat to go into the third Perth Test still trailing 1-0 in the series.
Mike Hussey remained unbeaten on 145 off 259 balls with 16 fours when the declaration finally arrived.
It was the West Australian left-hander's eighth Test hundred and boosted his average to 84.8 in 20 Test matches.
Australia made a subdued opening 75 minutes into the final day before the message came out from the team dressingroom to start swinging.
Andrew Symonds helped himself to 17 runs off one RP Singh over as the Australian scoring rate accelerated.
Symonds was caught by wicketkeeper Mahendra Dhoni's outstretched right glove off Singh for 61 off 100 balls and Adam Gilchrist played a selfless innings throwing away his wicket for one off four balls.
Gilchrist was caught in the deep by Yuvraj Singh to give Kumble his fourth wicket.
Brad Hogg came in and went after two balls for one in the pursuit of quick runs, caught at slip by Rahul Dravid off Harbhajan Singh.
Anil Kumble finished with 4-148 off 40 overs and fellow spinner Harbhajan Singh 2-92 off 33 overs.
Ponting's declaration at 12:13 pm (0113 GMT) left his new-ball bowlers just two overs against the Indian openers before lunch and gained early success with Jaffer's wicket.