Indian opener Gautam Gambhir was on Friday banned for one Test for his on-field clash with Australian all-rounder Shane Watson during the third Test here.
Gambhir, top scorer for the hosts with 206 in the first innings, will miss the fourth and final Test in Nagpur from Nov 6-10, the International Cricket Council (ICC) said in a statement.
However, the left-hander has the right to appeal against the decision within the next 24 hours.
Gambhir, 27, appeared to elbow Watson after the all-rounder seemed to mutter something to the Indian batsman as he took a second run in the 51st over of Wednesday's play.
"The decision to find Gambhir guilty of a level two offence is indicative of the fact that any degree of physical contact is unacceptable," match referee Chris Broad said in the statement.
"I would have been obliged to impose a minimum penalty of two-Test match ban. (But) in the view of the umpires, facts of this case -- the lightness of the physical conduct and element of provocation -- would not justify such a penalty.
"I have also taken into account the previous offences of Gambhir and therefore I am satisfied that the penalty imposed is an appropriate outcome in the circumstances. I hope Mr. Gambhir will learn from this."
Gambhir was informed of the decision by Broad on Friday morning before the start of the third day's play.
Watson was found guilty Thursday of verbally engaging with Gambhir "in a manner that was not in keeping with the spirit of cricket" and fined 10 percent of his match fees.
The players were cited by on-field umpires Billy Bowden and Aleem Dar as well as TV umpire Suresh Shastri.
Watson had pleaded not guilty to a level one violation of the ICC Code of Conduct, which calls on players to respect the laws and spirit of the game.
Gambhir pleaded guilty to a level two offence of conduct contrary to the spirit of the game.
The Indian opener was fined 65 percent of his match fee during the Kanpur one-dayer against Pakistan in November 2007 for a run-in with Shahid Afridi.
India's left-arm paceman Zaheer Khan was docked 80 percent of his match fee after exchanging words with Matthew Hayden and pointing him to the pavilion when the opening batsman was dismissed during the second Test of a tense series in Mohali.
The series, which the hosts lead 1-0 after a 320-run win in Mohali, comes on the heels of India's acrimonious tour of Australia early this year.