- Born on October 17, 1970 in Bangalore; switched from pace bowling to spin very early due to a jerky action and after his debut aged 19 in 1990 quickly became the pivot around which India began dominating home matches on spin-friendly pitches.
-Made his Test debut in August 1990 at Old Trafford, Manchester. His first victim being England's Allan Lamb.
-He took his first 50 Test wickets in just 10 Test matches, the fastest an Indian bowler had achieved the milestone.
- Became only the second bowler in Test history to claim all 10 wickets in a Test innings in 1999, emulating England spinner Jim Laker, to bowl India to a series-levelling win over Pakistan in New Delhi.
- Is India's leading wicket-taker in both Test (619) and ODI"s (337)
- Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1996. Captain for one one-day match, a four-wicket win over England in 2002. Showed courage on the 2002 West Indies tour when he braved a broken jaw after being struck while batting to return and dismiss Brian Lara before flying home for surgery.
- The third highest wicket-taker in Test history with 616 scalps, behind Australia's Shane Warne and Sri Lankan Muttiah Muralitharan.
- Retired from one-day cricket this year after India's first-round exit in the World Cup in March to finish with 337 wickets at 30.89 from 271 matches.
- Struck his maiden Test hundred in the drawn third and final Test against England at the Oval in August, scoring 110 not out in his 118th Test, the only hundred by an Indian during the 1-0 series win.