Brisbane, Feb 20: Indian captain MS Dhoni was banned for one One Day International on Sunday for "Minor Over Rate Offence." This was the second time that Dhoni was handed a suspension by the International Cricket Council (ICC) during the tour of Australia.
Last month, Dhoni was banned from participating in the fourth and final Test of the series in Adelaide. That was a result of a poor over rate during the third Test in Perth.
Here, we explain what does slow over rate mean and what action does ICC take on the captain and the team in case of a breach of this rule.
At its meeting in June 2011 in Hong Kong, the ICC Executive Board had discussed the issue of slow over rates and accepted the recommendation of the ICC Cricket Committee that a captain of an international side should be suspended for one match if his side is guilty of two minor over rate offences in the same format over a 12-month period.
As this was Dhoni's second offence in the 12-month period, the wicketkeeper-captain was handed a ban. His previous offence was during the World Cup 2011 final against Sri Lanka in Mumbai on April 2, 2011.
There is an ICC Code Of Conduct For Players and Player Support Personnel. It can be found here.
According to ICC's Standard ODI Playing Conditions, a fielding team has to adhere to "Minimum Over Rates." If a team is short upto two overs in an ODI it is a "Minor Over Rate Offence," which is what India were found guilty of. A "Serious Over Rate Offence" is if a team is more than two overs short in ODIs. It is the same for Twenty20 Internationals while in Tests, upto five overs short is a "Minor Over Rate Offence." More than five is "Serious Over Rate Offence."
In December 2009, Dhoni was guilty of "Serious Over Rate Offence" and was banned for two ODIs.
As per ICC's rules, a captain will be fined 20% of his match fee per one over for the offence. Dhoni has been fined 40% for two overs short. Each player of the team is also fined 10% per over.
The minimum over rate to be achieved by a team is 14.28 overs per hour. The actual over rate will be calculated at the end of the match by the umpires.
Each ODI innings will be for a duration of 3.5 hours. The interval between the innings is 45 minutes. There are also two drinks breaks in a team's innings. That drinks interval is taken after 70 minutes. Normally, the time limit for each drinks break is four minutes.
However, umpires will take into consideration the time lost during an innings, due to treatment for an injured player, a player leaving the field for serious injury, third umpire consultations, time wasting by batting side and all other circumstances that are beyond the control of the fielding side.
Not long ago, a fielding side, found guilty of bowling overs short in the stipulated time, were docked overs from their quota of 50 when they were batting second. If the offence was during the second innings of the match, captain and the team were fined. Later, ICC decided to impose bans on such offences.
After considering all the allowances, Team India were found to be two overs short in the tri-series ODI against Australia in Brisbane on Sunday.