Hesson was recently with Kenya team as their coach and was also in-charge of New Zealand side Otago for six years.
At 37, Hesson will be one of the youngest to coach an international cricket team. He had take over the responsibility with Kenya after the last year's World Cup.
The new coach's first tour will be to India next month and his contract will be till the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup, NZC said in a report on their website.
NZC Director of Cricket, John Buchanan, said on the website, "We were impressed with the way Mike presented himself and he was the stand-out applicantfrom a strong field of candidates.
"Mike has been a successful First-Class coach with the Otago team in recent years and has also had valuable experience working with New Zealand A sides. He also spent some time assisting the Blackcaps coaching staff during the 2010 Chappell/Hadlee Series and we're fortunate to have secured his services for the national team.
"Mike's impressive career path also includes the SportNZ Elite Coach Accelerator Programmewhere henot only had the honour of being selected for the programme, but finished as one of the highly commended participants.
"He will bring a freshness and new energy to the side and we know he is more than capable of developing and growing the team as we work towards the ICC Cricket World Cup 2015."
Hesson said it was "an honour and a privilege" to be named Blackcaps Head Coach.
"Having the opportunity to coach the Blackcaps is very special for me. I am passionate about cricket in New Zealand and doing the best job I can for the players and the fans of cricket in this country. My coaching philosophy is essentially built around setting world-class standards to produce excellence and that's what I intend to do with the Blackcaps.
"It's a big challenge but one I'm ready for and excited about," Hesson told NZC.